Kidney Stone Removal Procedures: Popular Methods Of Removing Kidney Stones
There is an increase in the number of individuals suffering from kidney stones. With such fact, kidney stone removal procedures have been advocated to effectively remove kidney stones fast. Three of the most popular kidney stone removal procedures are Laser Kidney Stone treatment, Flexible Ureteroscopy treatment and Shockwave Lithotripsy treatment. All three are discussed in this informative article.
Laser Kidney Stone Removal Procedure
Laser lithotripsy is a procedure that is performed under general anesthesia. Such method is used in removing or breaking up the stones found in the ureter or kidney. A flexible ureteroscope which resembles a long and thin telescope instrument will be inserted through the urethra and passed through the bladder and up the ureter to the stone.
Once the stone is located, the light energy of the laser is transported through a light guide to the stone. As this fiber is very thin it can bend with the flexible ureteroscope to reach almost any location of the kidney.
Advantages of Undergoing Kidney Stone Laser Treatment
- The method doesn’t require open surgery.
- The treatment can be used to reach kidney stones in any location in the ureter or the kidney with a 99% success rate.
- This kidney stone removal method can be applied to stones that are up to 3 cm.
- The kidney stone removal recovery method is not that long. Patients may spend only a day in the hospital and resume their regular chores in just 4 days.
- Laser treatment is also best for bleeding diathesis, hard stones, stones in very dependent lower calyx, and for ESWL failed cases.
Flexible Ureteroscopy Kidney Stone Removal
This is a kidney stone removal that is minimally invasive used in reaching any location in the kidney by passing the urinary passage. Such treatment is used for diagnosing and treating small kidney tumors or stones. Moreover, this method also requires general anesthesia and needs only one day of hospital stay. With it one can resume work within 3 days.
Shockwave Lithotripsy Kidney Stone Removal
After undergoing the required tests for Extracorporial ShockWave Lithotripsy (ESWL), the patient is then placed on a table. A water balloon, inside which the shock waves are generated, is placed in contact with the patient’s body on the side of the stone to be treated. Using x-ray imaging, the stone is localized and focused upon. In about one every second, pressure waves that are generated are focused onto the kidney stones which will fragment these stones. The duration of the treatment will depend upon the size of the stone but is generally limited to 45-50 minutes. The treatment is repeated until the stones are totally cleared.
Advantages Of ESWL
- In kidney stone removal methods like ESWL the main advantage is that open surgery is not required.
- In this treatment there is no severe pain apart from minimal discomfort and thus only minimal anesthesia is only required.
- Unlike kidney stone removal surgery that involves cutting and bleeding, this method does not require hospitalization most of the time. As a result, the patient can get back to work the next day.
- There are also no known long-term complications involve in this kidney stone removal procedure.
- Side effects such as discomfort during the procedure may be present only on a few occasions.
After this treatment, patients will experience some amount of bleeding in the urine.
In this method, pain can be felt as the fragments pass down the urinary tube. But this pain can be remedied with analgesics. Some patients, however, may need endoscopy and stenting of the ureter to prevent persistent pain. Thus, if this happens hospitalization for a day is required.
There are times when the urinary tract is blocked by the large amount of stone powder which will then require endoscopic intervention. Moreover, other methods of removing stones may be required as 5% of stones may not be broken with such method. In the ESWL kidney stone removal option, not all the kidney stones will be cleared.
For pregnant women, those suffering from urinary tract infection, kidney malfunction, hypertension, uncontrolled diabetes, and bleeding disorders cannot undergo the ESWL kidney stone removal method.
Further evaluation of the patients after the ESWL treatment is also needed.
Those are the three most popular kidney stone removal methods. Aside from those mentioned methods there are natural treatments that are applicable for mild kidney stone problems and for kidney stone prevention. The simplest method or preventing kidney stones is a healthy diet plan combined with enough intake of water. CLICK HERE for other kidney stone removal procedures not involving surgery.